Camping off the grid or need power to recharge the camper’s battery, without access to an electrical outlet, the next best thing is a solar power system that will charge the camper (or car) battery, and even run some of your lights and appliances.
A quick search of the Internet will reveal dozens of different solar power systems for everything from charging your phone to supplying power for your home. We have done the research to help guide you through the mysteries of solar power for campers.
DC vs AC Need to Know
The electricity collected from the solar panel is “DC” or direct current—the kind of current used to power flashlights, power cell phones, and start your car or anything that uses DC. The electrical power that drives most of your household items—stove, refrigerator, lights, etc., is alternating current. This is also the current needed to power many of your camper appliances such as the air conditioning, refrigerator, microwave, and the all-important television.
Using a device called a power inverter (or just an “inverter”), DC can be converted into AC. Since auto and camper batteries collect and store DC current, most campers have a built-in inverter in the electrical panel to operate the microwave, air-conditioning, and the television (when the camper is not plugged into AC electrical service).
Note: the inverter has one or more receptacles for standard three-prong plugs.
So, what is the solar panel good for. The solar panel can charge the camper’s battery, or you can connect the solar panel to a portable inverter that will allow you to take the TV when tent camping in a remote area where you went to get away from…the TV!
Watts are the unit power that lets you know how much energy your device needs to operate, or your solar cell can produce to be useful.
For camping purposes, to charge your camper battery, you need a solar panel that will deliver at least 100 Watts. Greater output will charge the battery more quickly. Solar panels can be connected so that two 100-Watt panels will deliver 200 Watts-charge the battery faster or run more electrical devices.
Sunlight vs Shade
But these are “solar” panels, meaning they need sunlight shining on the panel. Obviously, these panels do not work at night, but what about shade or cloudy days. The answer is “it depends.” Shade will reduce the power output of a solar panel-the more shade the less output, but solar panels will operate in moderately shady conditions. But it will take longer to charge the battery.
All the solar panel systems described are essentially “kits” that provide the necessary connections to charge your camper’s battery.
Most brands offer available (at an extra cost) extension cords so you can place the solar panels farther away from the camper or devices being powered. Longer extension cords may reduce the power supplied, but only slightly.
It is possible, and many solar panel manufacturers provide the necessary hardware, to permanently mount the solar panels on the top of a camper (or by a shed or a roof). Some of these mountings even have adjustments that allow you to tilt the panels for the best angle to collect solar energy.
However, the most economical and flexible system is portable and set up near the camper in a way that best collect solar energy-and can be adjusted or relocated to collect sunlight efficiently in both the morning and evening.
Our Top Five Solar Panels for Campers and Off-Grid Camping
1. ECO-WORTHY 120-Watt 12Volt Off Grid Monocrystalline Portable Foldable Solar Panel Suitcase with Charger – Editor’s Pick
Open its briefcase-style carrying design and set it up. The controller and the pre-wired battery clips are already installed and ready to go to work “right out of the box.”
Easy Operation: open the folding solar panel and set it in the sun, connect the battery clips to the battery, and the charging begins. The solar panel, supported the aluminum stand, begins to generate electricity-maybe more power than you can use. Use it to charge the camper or vehicle battery or any other 12V DC devices.
A feature we like is the integral solar charge controller that protects the system from over-charge, over-discharge, over-load, and a reverse connection.
This is our pick that is easy to set up and use, and ideal for camping, boating, off-grid solar power, even hiking or to power any 12V DC device.
Wide Application: Ideal for hiking, camping, and military use, off-grid solar panel system, caravan, RV, boat, Green house solar panel system, solar pump watering system etc.
Controller Protection: Pre-installed solar charge controller protects the system from over-charge, over-discharge, over-load, and reverse-connection protection.
The kit includes: 1 120W Foldable Mono Solar Panel Kit and the pre-installed 20A charge controller, with one pair of pre-installed 10-ft solar cables with a pair 30A alligator clips & (to connect to the battery or device being powered), and an adjustable aluminum stand.
- Portable & Foldable :It is a ready-to-use plug and play portable solar briefcase. Pre-installed controller and Pre-wired battery clips for charging 12V battery. With handle, convenient to carry.
- Easy Operation: open up the folding solar panel, battery clips allow for simple connection to the battery. Aluminium stand quickly starts to generate more energy and you can use this solar suitcase to power up any 12V DC devices
- Wide Application: Ideal for hiking, camping, and military use, off-grid solar panel system, caravan, RV, boat, Green house solar panel system, solar pump watering system etc.
2. ACOPOWER l00W Portable Solar Panel
ACOPOWER All Black 100W Mono Foldable Solar Panel with Charge Controller is an ideal system when going solar Off-Grid. These compact panels are easy to set up and are equally effective in the mountains or at the beach. These systems are work equally well for marine, dry camping, RV, as well as home back-up power.
The case is ideal for keeping the solar panel safe in storage. The unit is waterproof in accordance with IP67 (meaning it could work underwater) and equipped with a pre-installed, built-in stand.
There is a 20-Amp waterproof charge controller on the back of the unit.
MC-4 connectors or an Anderson plug allow easy installation to RV/ camper/ trailer battery unit.
The unit can be expanded to 200 Watts. Connect the Alligator Clamps to a 12V Battery
- Light and portable: the net weight is only 11.9 lb; Folded size: 23.8 x 20.2 x 1.67 inches.
- Easy Set-up: pre-installed stand allows for easy and quick set-up. MC-4 connectors or Anderson plug allow easy installation to RV / camper / trailer battery unit. For pre-wired RV or camper, please contact ACOPOWER for adapters – Furrion and SAE Zamp solar
- 8 Battery Type Compatible -Lithium-ion, LiFePO4, LTO, Gel, AGM, Flooded, Crystal and Calcium.
3. Windy Nation 200-Watt Solar Kit Features
The Windy Nation 200-Watt Solar Charging Kit includes everything needed to produce free, clean power from the sun! Perfect for RVs, boats, cabins, and back-up power. Add a 12-volt battery and a DC-to-AC inverter and you are ready to harness the sun’s free energy.
The kit includes Windy Nation’s PWM solar charge controller with digital display.
Windy Nation’s 200-Watt Solar Kit includes everything needed to get started: two 100-Watt Solar Panels, User Adjustable Solar Charge Controller, 40 ft of UL Listed 12 AWG Solar Cable, all necessary connectors for wiring, and all the necessary mounting hardware (8 Solar Panel Mounting Brackets and Fastener Sets).
If there is a drawback to this solar charger, it is the lack of a factory-provided stand. However, with the mounting hardware provided, you have more options regarding mounting, even on your RV. The Windy Nation 200-Watt Solar Charging Kit is the ideal solution for providing back-up power or off-grid power when you need it! It also has adjustable solar disconnect and voltage load disconnects.
Wind Nation also offers a similar 100-Watt charger too for $145.
- SEE PICTURES IN PHOTO GALLERY FOR DIMENSIONAL DRAWING AND ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS. 200 Watt solar charging kit provides up to 200 watts of clean, free, renewable power
- PWM Solar Charge Controller has user adjustable settings! LCD Screen shows, voltage, solar panel status, battery state of charge, and DC load draw. See Image in photo gallery for all LCD Screen readouts. Compatible with lead acid, AGM, gel, and lithium batteries
- Designed for RVs, cabins, homes, boats, back-up and remote power use. The two solar panels can be wired in parallel for 12V battery charging or in series for 24V battery charging.
4. Renology Wanderer 100W Solar Power Starter Kit Features
Described as a starter kit, the Renology Wanderer provides similar equipment and the same 100-Watt output as other 100-Watt systems.
This solar kit includes one Renology 100W 12V Mono Solar Panel, one 30A PWM Wanderer Charge Controller, one 20ft 10AWG Solar Adaptor Kit, one 8ft 10AWG Tray Cable, and one set of Z-brackets. We recommend adding an inverter-then you can recharge phones and navigators anywhere.
The solar panel is mounted in a corrosion-resistant aluminum frame designed for outdoor use. Solar panel systems have an expected useful life of 25 or more years if properly handled and stored.
The Wanderer is protected against overcharging, overload, short-circuit and reversed polarity
If your power demands increase, the system can be expanded, incrementally, up to 400 Watts of power.
One drawback to this kit is that the adjustable stand is not included. A stand, Model No. RNG MTS-TMB is available ($33.00) and recommended unless you know where you are going to mount the unit.
- IP65 rated junction box provides complete protection against environmental Particles and low pressure water jets.
- Tpt back sheet ensures smooth performance over a long period of time. El tested solar modules; no hot-spot heating .
- High Solar Cell efficiency: Mono-crystalline 21. 0%, polycrystalline 17. 9%.
5. Nature Power Polycrystalline Solar Power Kit
A sturdy, heavy-duty, weather-resistant aluminum frame protects the solar panel. The scratch-resistant, anti-reflective coating ensures a source of solar power for many years helps keep it in top shape for long life.
The unit also includes a 300-Watt power inverter to convert 12V DC into 110V AC. Plug and play connections make it easy to install.
Other features include:
The solar panel warranted to retain at least 80% efficiency for up to 25 years power and has input/output protection
One advantage of the Nature Power Solar Power Kit is that it includes a 300-Watt power inverter, as well as the charge controller, and a set of connecting cables
Frequently Asked Questions
Why use a solar panel system?
A solar panel system that includes an inverter enables you to camp, hike, or boat wherever you want for extended periods, and still have access a dependable supply of electrical power-both DC and AC.
I have an AC generator, why would I want solar panels?
- An AC generator requires fuel to run the noisy engine that drives the generator, and you must fuel to power the (Many campgrounds prohibit gas generators after a specified time at night.)
- A solar system will likely double or triple the life of your RV
- With an inverter, you can convert DC power, either from the solar panels or the camper’s battery, operate AC equipment such as the TV.
- It is cleaner and cost effective compared to having fuel cans and a noisy generator that must be fueled
What is a charge controller?
The charge controller prevents the solar panels from overcharging the batteries but allows enough energy to the battery to maintain a charge while electricity from the battery is being used.
Solar power systems come in various wattage values. How do I know what size to use?
The answer is, it depends—on how you camp—hiking and tent camping versus a travel trailer and the size of the travel trailer. A 100-Watt solar panel system is sufficient to charge and maintain typical camper batteries-and when coupled with an inverter, power several appliances such as the television and maybe a microwave or coffee maker. Simply put, the more appliances you want to use, the greater wattage you will need.
Fortunately, the systems described are expandable. If you find that 100 Watts are not sufficient, you can add additional panels to increase the wattage.
What features should I look for in a solar panel system for my camper?
The first step is to estimate the approximate amount of power you will need. Identify all the AC appliances you have, and which ones must be operating at the same time. Two or three basic appliances-TV, some lights, or a coffee maker and maintain the camper’s battery—could be operated with a 100-Watt system. Increasing to 200 Watts will reduce the battery charging time. A 300-Watt system should be ample to operate in a completely normal mode.
If you add an inverter to your system, you can plug items such as phone charger and a television directly from the solar panel assembly-i.e., not have to plug into the camper.
Do I have to purchase the inverter with the solar panel system?
While some solar panel systems include an inverter, most offer it as an added option. Inverters that convert DC to AC are readily available through camper supply stores or tool and hardware stores.
Last update on 2021-05-07 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API